By William A. Gentry
Center for Creative Leadership
Taylor E. Sparks
University of Georgia
We investigated the convergence and divergence perspectives in organizations to determine whether certain leadership competencies are universally endorsed by managers across countries (supporting convergence) as being important for success in organizations, or if the importance of the leadership competencies were dependent upon certain cultural dimensions (supporting divergence).
Gentry, William A., & Sparks, T. E. (2012). A convergence/divergence perspective of leadership competencies managers believe are most important for success in organizations: A cross-cultural multilevel analysis of 40 countries. Journal of Business and Psychology, 27 (1), 15–30. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-011-9212-y