Leadership across differences: A report on research and findings

By Kelly M. Hannum, William A. Gentry, & Todd J. Weber
Center for Creative Leadership


The data shared in this report are drawn from the Leadership across Differences research project. Our research began in 2001 and continued through 2008. The international research team included Center for Creative Leadership faculty and research partners at various institutions around the world. We conducted our research using a multimethod research design. We gathered survey, interview, and archival data from for-profit and nonprofit organizations. We wanted to better understand what contributed to social identity tensions and conflicts in organizations and explore what leadership responses were desired and which were used.


Hannum, K. M., Gentry, W. A., & Weber, T. J. (2010). Leadership across differences: A report on research and findings. Center for Creative Leadership. https://doi.org/10.35613/ccl.2010.2019

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