Leaders and leadership: Of substance and shadow

By Morgan W. McCall, Jr.
Center for Creative Leadership


This paper examines some of the problems with the accumulated research on leadership, reviews some studies of managerial work that stimulate new ways of thinking about leadership in organizations, and suggests some directions that might improve our understanding of the topic.


McCall, M. W., Jr. (1977). Leaders and leadership: Of substance and shadow (Technical Report No. 2). Greensboro, NC: Center for Creative Leadership. https://doi.org/10.35613/ccl.1977.1076

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